History of seals for fabric

 

Today, a variety of colors and patterns are applied to fabrics, and even a few thousand years ago, one could choose from a single-color fabric of different origins.
People quickly got tired of this monotony, and they began to figure out how to decorate the fabric with drawings and patterns. And they came up with many options.

Patterns on fabrics have been applied since ancient times. It is known that printing on fabric appeared earlier than printing on paper. First we used a brush. From India, China and Egypt, the art of painting on fabric was transferred to Europe.

The most ancient ways of applying a pattern to a fabric were:
Batik. The reserve composition (melted wax, buckwheat flour or special clay) was applied to the fabric by hand: with brushes or other devices. When it froze, the fabric was dipped into the dye composition. After drying, the reserve was cleaned off, and a natural color pattern was obtained on the painted background.
Header. This method appeared around the 12th century. The drawing technology is similar to that used today. A stencil drawing was cut out on a printed board, covered with paint, and then applied to the fabric (printed).
Silk-screen printing is a type of stencil drawing that came from the East and became widespread in the 18th century in Europe, and then, after improvement in the 20th century, all over the world.
All ancient methods of decorating were laborious and required not only high skill, but also a lot of time and effort. Nevertheless, in some places they are still preserved. Moreover, handicraft is considered unique and very expensive.